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Carreers guidance in schools, colleges and universities (England)

Auteur(s) :  Robert Long, Sue Hubble

Editeur(s) :  House of Commons Library

Date :  07/2022


Since September 2013, local authority-maintained schools in England have been under a duty to provide impartial careers guidance to pupils from years 8 to 13 (ages 12-18). The Department for Education has published statutory guidance (most recently updated in July 2021) for maintained schools on their duty to provide careers guidance. In September 2022, this duty will be extended to pupils in year 7, and to all academies.

Many academies and free schools are subject to the duties relating to careers guidance through their funding agreements, including those which opened from September 2012 onwards and those which have moved to an updated funding agreement. Academies without the requirement are encouraged to follow the guidance as a statement of good practice.

All further education (FE) colleges and sixth form colleges have been required to secure access to independent careers guidance from September 2013. This requirement is part of FE college and sixth form college funding agreements. The Department for Education has published guidance for FE and sixth form colleges to draw on in fulfilling this duty.

Higher education institutions are not required to provide careers advice, but nonetheless this service is offered across institutions.

1 Careers guidance in schools and further education colleges
1.1 Requirements on schools
1.2 Advice about technical education and apprenticeships
1.3 Careers guidance in further education colleges

2 Careers strategies and Skills White Paper
2.1 Northern Powerhouse Strategy
2.2 DfE Careers Strategy 2018-2020
2.3 Skills for Jobs White Paper 2021 and Skills and Post-16 Education Act 2022
2.4 Education (Careers Guidance in School) Act 2022

3 Organisations providing support
3.1 National Careers Service
3.2 Careers and Enterprise Company
3.3 Jobcentre plus employment advisers: 14-17-year olds
3.4 Apprenticeship Support and Knowledge (ASK) Programme
3.5 Calls to Streamline Organisations

4 How well are schools and colleges discharging their duties?
4.1 CEC’s Trends in Careers Education Report (2021)
4.2 Sutton Trust report on careers guidance in secondary schools (2022)
4.3 Augar Review (2019)
4.4 CEC’s Closing the Gap 2019 report
4.5 DfE’s School Snapshot Surveys (2018)
4.6 Failing to Deliver? Career Education Provision in England (2017)
4.7 All-Party Parliamentary Group reports (2017)
4.8 Ofsted Comments 2013-18 and Inspection Framework

5 Select committee reports
5.1 Education Committee inquiry (2022)
5.2 Public Accounts Committee Inquiries (2018)
5.3 Sub-Committee on Education, Skills and the Economy Inquiry (2015-16)
5.4 Education Select Committee: Follow-up (January 2015)
5.5 Education Select Committee Report (January 2013)

6 Extra-parliamentary recommendations and comments
6.1 Careers England, NAHT & WorthLess? Campaign Survey (2019)
6.2 CBI People and Skills: Getting Young People “Work Ready” (2019)
6.3 CBI/Pearson Education and Learning for the Modern World (2019)
6.4 Sutton Trust Access to Advantage (2018)
6.5 Working it Out: Career Guidance and Employer Engagement (2018)
6.6 Secretary of State’s December 2014 statement and announcement of the Careers and Enterprise Company
6.7 Gatsby Foundation report: international comparisons

7 Careers guidance in higher education
Employability skills and careers advice

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mot(s) clé(s) :  orientation scolaire